Is there a faculty of deontic reasoning? A critical re-evaluation of abstract deontic versions of the Wason selection task
Fiddick, Laurence (2003) Is there a faculty of deontic reasoning? A critical re-evaluation of abstract deontic versions of the Wason selection task. In: Evolution and the Psychology of Thinking: The Debate. Psychology Press, Hove, East Sussex, UK, pp. 33-60.
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Undoubtedly one of the most important studies in evolutionary cognitive psychology is Cosmides' (1989) analysis of content effects on the Wason selection task in terms of adaptive cheater detection. However, in her landmark paper, Cosmides ventured beyond the confines of the selection task to argue for a bold new synthesis of evolutionary biology and cognitive psychology using Marr's (l982) concept of a computational theory as the bridge between these two disciplines. Following Marr's lead, Cosmides argued that cognitive psychology could not make progress unless it was informed by task analyses of the problems the mind was designed to solve. These task analyses would ultimately be supplied by evolutionary theory, which specializes in the study of natural design. Social Contract Theory, Cosmides' specific account of content effects on the Wason selection task, was merely one illustrative part of a larger programme, evolutionary psychology. Unfortunately, the double message of Cosmides' (1989) paper has generated a considerable amount of confusion as some appear to have confused Social Contract Theory as a general theory of reasoning whereas the true scope of the theory is much narrower. In this chapter I hope to dispel some of the confusion surrounding Social Contract Theory and, in the process, clarify where some of the difficulties facing the theory lie and where they do not.
|Item Type:||Book Chapter (Research - B1)|
|FoR Codes:||17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified @ 50%|
17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1702 Cognitive Science > 170299 Cognitive Science not elsewhere classified @ 50%
|SEO Codes:||97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences @ 100%|
|Deposited On:||12 Apr 2010 16:02|
|Last Modified:||12 Feb 2011 03:33|
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