Ovarian follicular development in Holstein cows following synchronisation of oestrus with oestradiol benzoate and an intravaginal progesterone releasing insert for 5-9 days and duration of the oestrous cycle and concentrations of progesterone following ovulation
Cavalieri, J., Hepworth, G., and Macmillan, K.L. (2004) Ovarian follicular development in Holstein cows following synchronisation of oestrus with oestradiol benzoate and an intravaginal progesterone releasing insert for 5-9 days and duration of the oestrous cycle and concentrations of progesterone following ovulation. Animal Reproduction Science, 81 (3). pp. 177-193.
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The aim of this study was to determine if the duration of treatment with an intravaginal progesterone releasing insert (IVP4) after treatment with oestradiol benzoate (ODB) at the time of insertion and 24h after removal would affect selected variables including: size of ovarian follicles at the time of removal of inserts, diameter of ovulatory follicles, plasma concentrations of progesterone following ovulation, and duration of the following oestrous cycle. Characteristics of oestrus at a synchronised and spontaneous oestrus were also monitored. Non-lactating Holstein cows were synchronised with an IVP4 for 5 (n=10), 7 (n=10), 8 (n=9) or 9 (n=9) days together with injections of ODB at device insertion (2mg) and 24h after removal (1mg). Ultrasonography showed no significant effect of treatment on the day of emergence of preovulatory follicles relative to the day of removal of inserts (overall mean=−4.22±0.58; P=0.15) for cows that ovulated within 120h insert removal (n=36). Treatment with ODB and an IVP4 for 5 days reduced the diameter of preovulatory follicles at the time of removal of inserts and for the following 2 days compared to cows treated for 7–9 days (mean difference 2.56±1.15mm; P=0.033) but did not reduce the diameter of the ovulatory follicle (P=0.21). Day of emergence relative to removal of inserts was associated with the diameter of the ovulatory follicle (R2=0.69; P<0.001). Concentrations of progesterone and the diameter of the corpus luteum following ovulation were not affected by treatment (P>0.20), but were affected by the diameter of the ovulatory follicle (P<0.01). Diameter of the ovulatory follicle did not affect interoestrous and interovulatory intervals (P>0.40). We conclude that treatment with an IVP4 for 5 compared to 7–9 days with ODB administered at device insertion, and 24h after removal reduced the diameter of preovulatory follicles at the time of removal of the insert but did not reduce the diameter of the ovulatory follicle or concentrations of progesterone in plasma. Emergence of preovulatory follicles closer to the time of removal of inserts reduced the diameter of the ovulatory follicle when oestrus was induced with ODB. Ovulation of smaller follicles reduced concentrations of progesterone in plasma following ovulation but did not affect oestrous cycle duration.
|Item Type:||Article (Refereed Research - C1)|
|Keywords:||cattle-follicle, Oestrous synchronisation, Oestradiol benzoate, Oestrus, Progesterone, ultrasonography|
|FoR Codes:||07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0702 Animal Production > 070206 Animal Reproduction @ 100%|
|SEO Codes:||83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8303 Livestock Raising > 830302 Dairy Cattle @ 100%|
|Deposited On:||26 Mar 2010 09:26|
|Last Modified:||12 Feb 2011 23:37|
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