Aikhenvald, A.Y. (2008) Versatile cases. Journal of Linguistics , 44 (3). 565-603.
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Case markers are thought of primarily as nominal morphemes, indicating the function of a noun phrase in a clause. In a few languages of the world case markers also appear on verbal forms. Such ‘ versatile ’ cases can express (i) temporal, causal and other relationships between clauses, and (ii) aspectual and modal meanings within a clause. Core cases tend to express aspectual and modal meanings, while oblique cases tend to be used as clause-linkers. The recurrent semantic differences between case morphemes as nominal markers, as clause-linking devices, and as exponents of clausal categories are rooted in the inherent polyfunctionality of these ‘chameleon’ morphemes: the specific meaning of any instance is affected by the morphosyntactic context in which it occurs. The conclusions are corroborated by a case study of Manambu, a Papuan language with extensive use of cases on nouns and on verbs, as exponents of aspectual and modal meanings and as clause-linking devices.
|Item Type:||Article (Refereed Research - C1)|
|Keywords:||cases; Papuan languages; Australian languages|
|FoR Codes:||20 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 2004 Linguistics > 200407 Lexicography @ 100%|
|SEO Codes:||95 CULTURAL UNDERSTANDING > 9502 Communication > 950202 Languages and Literacy @ 100%|
|Deposited On:||25 Feb 2010 15:42|
|Last Modified:||20 Sep 2011 08:44|
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