Group differences in word use and meaning: a text analysis of the abstract word, values
Dillon, Denise, Cottrell, David, and Reser, Joseph (2008) Group differences in word use and meaning: a text analysis of the abstract word, values. Proceedings of JADT 2008 9th International Conference on the Statistical Analysis of Textual Data. JADT 9th International Conference on the Statistical Analysis of Textual Data , 12-14 Mar 2008, Lyon, France .
|PDF (Published Version) - Repository staff only - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader|
View at Publisher Website: http://jadt2008.ens-lsh.fr/?lang=en
People often use the same word while meaning very different things. Text analysis procedures can be applied to determine something of the meaning of words, typically from a single author. Rarely, however, have these procedures been used to explore the differences between individuals with different backgrounds and agendas and yet who ostensibly claim to be talking about the same thing. In the current study, we explored the way in which an abstract word, ‘values’, was used by three interest groups in relation to the Wet Tropics World Heritage Area, in Australia. Documents about the Wet Tropics produced by three environmental organisations, involved in either research, management, or conservation activism, were compared for their use of the word 'values'. Using WordStat text processing software, distributional information in the localised sentence context (keyword frequencies by group and proximal co-occurrence) was explored for clues to differences in the applied meanings of 'values'. Type-token identities showed that vocabulary diversity was similar for all groups. Cluster analyses revealed group differences in word associations and conceptual themes surrounding ‘values’. The research group tended towards operational terms, in contrast with the management group themes relating to links with Indigenous landowners and their cultural ties to the land, and conservation group themes relating to economics and community development. As examples of language ‘slippage’, keywords associated with ‘values’ showed that presence of the expression can predict connotations of economic worth (ECONOMIC, VALUE, RESOURCE), positive and negative attributions (QUALITY, POTENTIAL, THREAT), and physical substance (FOREST, SPECIES, HABITAT). Values are additionally associated with environmentally relevant behaviours (CONTROL, PROTECTION, MANAGEMENT). It is essential for effective communication and credible environmental science that such core terms and considerations as environmental ‘values’ convey clear and shared meanings.
|Item Type:||Conference Item (Refereed Research Paper - E1)|
|Keywords:||text analysis; meaning in use; vocabulary diversity; co-occurrence|
|FoR Codes:||20 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 2004 Linguistics > 200405 Language in Culture and Society (Sociolinguistics) @ 40%|
17 PSYCHOLOGY AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES > 1701 Psychology > 170103 Educational Psychology @ 30%
20 LANGUAGE, COMMUNICATION AND CULTURE > 2004 Linguistics > 200402 Computational Linguistics @ 30%
|SEO Codes:||96 ENVIRONMENT > 9607 Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards > 960799 Environmental Policy, Legislation and Standards not elsewhere classified @ 51%|
97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences @ 49%
|Deposited On:||01 Mar 2010 10:24|
|Last Modified:||13 Feb 2011 01:36|
Last 12 Months: 0
Repository Staff Only: item control page