An economic evaluation of phosphorus recovery as struvite from digester supernatant
Shu, L., Schneider, P., Jegatheesan, V., and Johnson, J. (2006) An economic evaluation of phosphorus recovery as struvite from digester supernatant. Bioresource Technology, 97 (17). pp. 2211-2216.
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Phosphorus can be recovered from wastewater through crystallisation of struvite, MgNH4PO4 · 6H2O. Approximately 1 kg of struvite can be crystallised from 100 m3 of wastewater. Crystallisation is profitable compared to chemical and biological removal of phosphorus due to savings from the reduction in (i) chemicals used for precipitation and sludge disposal; and (ii) downtime for cleaning unwanted struvite formed during chemical and biological removal. The struvite produced annually from a wastewater treatment plant that processed 100 m3/d, would be sufficient to apply on 2.6 ha of arable land, as fertilizer. If struvite were to be recovered from wastewater treatment plants worldwide, 0.63 million tons of phosphorus (as P2O5) could be harvested annually, reducing phosphate rock mining by 1.6%. Therefore, this technology could provide opportunities to recover phosphorus sustainably from waste streams and preserve phosphorus reserves.
|Item Type:||Article (Refereed Research - C1)|
|Keywords:||crystallisation; phosphorus recovery; struvite; Sustainability; wastewater treatment plant|
|FoR Codes:||09 ENGINEERING > 0907 Environmental Engineering > 090703 Environmental Technologies @ 100%|
|SEO Codes:||96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960511 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Urban and Industrial Environments @ 100%|
|Deposited On:||28 Sep 2009 15:56|
|Last Modified:||24 May 2013 00:38|
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|Citation Counts with External Providers:||Web of Science: 57|
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