Ecological applications of near infrared reflectance spectroscopy - a tool for rapid, cost-effective prediction of the composition of plant and animal tissues and aspects of animal performance
Foley, William J., McIlwee, A., Lawler, Ivan R., Aragones, Lemnuel V., Woolnough, Andrew P., and Berding, Nils (1998) Ecological applications of near infrared reflectance spectroscopy - a tool for rapid, cost-effective prediction of the composition of plant and animal tissues and aspects of animal performance. Oecologia, 116 (3). pp. 293-305.
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Many ecological studies rely heavily on chemical analysis of plant and animal tissues. Often, there is limited time and money to perform all the re- quired analyses and this can result in less than ideal sampling schemes and poor levels of replication. Near infrared re¯ectance spectroscopy (NIRS) can relieve these constraints because it can provide quick, non-de- structive and quantitative analyses of an enormous range of organic constituents of plant and animal tis- sues. Near infrared spectra depend on the number and type of CAH, NAH and OAH bonds in the material being analyzed. The spectral features are then combined with reliable compositional or functional analyses of the material in a predictive statistical model. This model is then used to predict the composition of new or unknown samples. NIRS can be used to analyze some speci®c el- ements (indirectly ± e.g., N as protein) or well-de®ned compounds (e.g., starch) or more complex, poorly de- ®ned attributes of substances (e.g., ®ber, animal food intake) have also been successfully modeled with NIRS technology. The accuracy and precision of the reference values for the calibration data set in part determines the quality of the predictions made by NIRS. However, NIRS analyses are often more precise than standard laboratory assays. The use of NIRS is not restricted to the simple determination of quantities of known com- pounds, but can also be used to discriminate between complex mixtures and to identify important compounds a�ecting attributes of interest. Near infrared re¯ectance spectroscopy is widely accepted for compositional and functional analyses in agriculture and manufacturing but its utility has not yet been recognized by the majority of ecologists conducting similar analyses. This paper aims to stimulate interest in NIRS and to illustrate some of the enormous variety of uses to which it can be put. We emphasize that care must be taken in the calibration stage to prevent propagation of poor analytical work through NIRS, but, used properly, NIRS o�ers ecolo- gists enormous analytical power.
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|Keywords:||Near infrared reflectance spectroscopy á Leaf chemistry á Plant-herbivore interactions á Food intake á Decomposition|
|FoR Codes:||08 INFORMATION AND COMPUTING SCIENCES > 0804 Data Format > 080499 Data Format not elsewhere classified @ 100%|
|Deposited On:||18 Sep 2006|
|Last Modified:||14 Feb 2011 01:40|
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