Mating success of resident versus non-resident males in a territorial butterfly
Bergman, Martin, Gotthard, Karl, Berger, David, Olofsson, Martin, Kemp, Darrell J., and Wiklund, Christer (2007) Mating success of resident versus non-resident males in a territorial butterfly. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B, Biological Sciences, 274 (1618). pp. 1659-1665.
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View at Publisher Website: http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2007.0311
Male–male competition over territorial ownership suggests that winning is associated with considerable benefits. In the speckled wood butterfly, Pararge aegeria, males fight over sunspot territories on the forest floor; winners gain sole residency of a sunspot, whereas losers patrol the forest in search of females. It is currently not known whether residents experience greater mating success than non-residents, or whether mating success is contingent on environmental conditions. Here we performed an experiment in which virgin females of P. aegeria were allowed to choose between a resident and a non-resident male in a large enclosure containing one territorial sunspot. Resident males achieved approximately twice as many matings as non-residents, primarily because matings were most often preceded by a female being discovered when flying through a sunspot. There was no evidence that territorial residents were more attractive per se, with females seen to reject them as often as non-residents. Furthermore, in the cases where females were discovered outside of the sunspot, they were just as likely to mate with non-residents as residents. We hypothesize that the proximate advantage of territory ownership is that light conditions in a large sunspot greatly increase the male's ability to detect and intercept passing receptive females.
|Item Type:||Article (Refereed Research - C1)|
|Keywords:||territorial butterfly; non resident males; resident males; Lepidoptera; contest success; mate locating behaviour; female choice; mate choice; butterfly vision|
|FoR Codes:||06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0604 Genetics > 060411 Population, Ecological and Evolutionary Genetics @ 100%|
|SEO Codes:||97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences @ 100%|
|Deposited On:||06 Oct 2009 11:55|
|Last Modified:||19 May 2013 00:29|
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|Citation Counts with External Providers:||Web of Science: 17|
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