Leder, Karin, Torresi, Joseph, and Shaw, Marc (2011) Oceania. In: Infectious Diseases: a geographic guide. Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester, UK, pp. 241-359.
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Oceania comprises over 20 countries with differing levels of health care, socioeconomics, disease surveillance, and intensity of various infections. Whereas some risks occur throughout the region, such as travelers' diarrhea, there is marked nonuniformity in the risks of other diseases. This is well highlighted by malaria: most Oceanic countries pose no malaria risk, but the Solomon Islands, Papua New Guinea (PNG), and Vanuatu have high intensity of both Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax malaria. Information regarding which Oceanic countries report specific diseases has been summarized in the text and tables below to indicate where in the region infectious risks are likely to be greatest.
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