Toward principles for enhancing the resilience of ecosystem services
Biggs, Reinette, Schluter, Maja, Biggs, Duan, Bohensky, Erin L., BurnSilva, Shauna, Cundill, Georgina, Dakos, Vasilis, Daw, Tim D., Evans, Louisa S., Kotschy , Karen, Leitch, Anne M., Meek, Chanda, Quinlan, Allyson, Raudsepp-Hearne, Ciara, Robards, Martin D., Schoon, Michael L., Schultz, Lizen, and West, Paul C. (2012) Toward principles for enhancing the resilience of ecosystem services. Annual Review of Environment and Resources, 37 . pp. 421-448.
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Enhancing the resilience of ecosystem services (ES) that underpin human well-being is critical for meeting current and future societal needs, and requires specific governance and management policies. Using the literature, we identify seven generic policy-relevant principles for enhancing the resilience of desired ES in the face of disturbance and ongoing change in social-ecological systems SES). These principles are (P1) maintain diversity and redundancy, (P2) manage connectivity,(P3)manage slow variables and feedbacks, (P4) foster an understanding of SES as complex adaptive systems (CAS), (P5) encourage learning and experimentation, (P6) broaden participation, and (P7) promote polycentric governance systems. We briefly define each principle, review how and when it enhances the resilience of ES, and conclude with major research gaps. In practice, the principles often co-occur and are highly interdependent.Key future needs are to better understand these interdependencies and to operationalize and apply the principles in different policy and management contexts.
|Item Type:||Article (Refereed Research - C1)|
|FoR Codes:||05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050209 Natural Resource Management @ 100%|
|SEO Codes:||97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970105 Expanding Knowledge in the Environmental Sciences @ 100%|
|Deposited On:||22 Oct 2012 16:13|
|Last Modified:||04 Jun 2013 02:23|
Last 12 Months: 3
|Citation Counts with External Providers:||Web of Science: 1|
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