Photocatalytic activity of a porphyrin/TiO2 composite in the degradation of pharmaceuticals
Murphy, Sharon, Saurel, Carla, Morrissey, Anne, Tobin, John, Oelgemöller, Michael, and Nolan, Kieran (2012) Photocatalytic activity of a porphyrin/TiO2 composite in the degradation of pharmaceuticals. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 119-120 . pp. 156-165.
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Two separate methods were used to prepare a tetra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin (TCPP)-TiO2 composite. In method A TCPP was absorbed onto TiO2 in methanol at room temperature, whilst in method B TCPP was absorbed onto TiO2 in dimethylformamide (DMF) at reflux. Both composites exhibited the same physical and chemical characteristics as shown by FT-IR, SEM and UV–vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS). The photocatalytic activity of both composites was then determined by HPLC monitoring of the photo-degradation of the pharmaceutical Famotidine under both visible and solar light irradiation. The recyclability of the composites was also examined by recovery of the composite post-reaction, although the absorbed TCPP was found to partially degrade, the recycled composite still exhibited catalytic behaviour. All reactions were monitored by HPLC which revealed that the photodegradation of Famotidine by the TCPP–TiO2 composites does not lead to complete mineralisation, but instead generates a range of intermediates/products. Investigation of these products by LC–MS–MS and DI–MS analysis found that one major degradation product was formed, the S-oxide of Famotidine. The TCPP–TiO2 composites were also screened in the photo-degradation of the pharmaceuticals tamsulosin and solifenacin using the optimised conditions developed for famotidine. However, the composites were found to be ineffective for the photo-catalytic degradation of these compounds, demonstrating that this class of composite are only effective for specific compounds.
|Item Type:||Article (Refereed Research - C1)|
|FoR Codes:||03 CHEMICAL SCIENCES > 0305 Organic Chemistry > 030505 Physical Organic Chemistry @ 100%|
|SEO Codes:||97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970103 Expanding Knowledge in the Chemical Sciences @ 100%|
|Deposited On:||10 Apr 2012 14:22|
|Last Modified:||18 Oct 2013 01:29|
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