The Yongala's "Halo of Holes" - systematic bioturbation close to a shipwreck
Stieglitz, Thomas C. (2012) The Yongala's "Halo of Holes" - systematic bioturbation close to a shipwreck. In: Seafloor Geomorphology as Benthic Habitat: GeoHAB atlas of seafloor geomorphic features and benthic habitats. Elsevier, London, pp. 277-287.
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Large-scale systematic bioturbation is documented in 30 m of water depth around the Yongala shipwreck in the Great Barrier Reef. The "Halo of Holes" contains over 1,200 individual depressions with diameters of up to 10 m, tightly packed in a concentric, three-quarter ring around the wreck. Two distinct zones in this halo consist of either only shallow or only deep holes. Deep holes (up to 1.5 m depth) show signs of ongoing bioturbation. Shallow holes support diverse sessile faunal assemblages of sponges, soft corals, and hard corals in an otherwise flat seafloor dominated by marine plants. The holes are most likely of biogenic origin, but the animal(s) responsible for these earthworks are unknown to date. The bioturbators are ecosystem engineers, creating a habitat for assemblages that are absent elsewhere on the adjacent seafloor. The previously undocumented halo of holes and its biota indicate that the "ecosystem wreck" extends further beyond the spatial confines of the hull of a wreck than previously considered.
|Item Type:||Book Chapter (Research - B1)|
|Keywords:||bioturbation, shipwreck, ecosystem engineering, Yongala, Great Barrier Reef|
|FoR Codes:||04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0403 Geology > 040305 Marine Geoscience @ 50%|
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl Marine Ichthyology) @ 50%
|SEO Codes:||96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960503 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Coastal and Estuarine Environments @ 100%|
|Deposited On:||12 Apr 2012 08:15|
|Last Modified:||12 Apr 2012 08:15|
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