Vitamin D status of adults from tropical Australia determined using two different laboratory assays: implications for public health messages
Nowak, Madeleine, Harrison, Simone L., Buettner, Petra G., Kimlin, Michael, Porter, David, Kennedy, Lee, and Speare, Rick (2011) Vitamin D status of adults from tropical Australia determined using two different laboratory assays: implications for public health messages. Photochemistry and Photobiology, 87 (4). pp. 935-943.
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We measured serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] levels of ambulatory adults in tropical Australia to determine whether it is appropriate to continue promoting sun-safety in this population. In August 2006 (winter), self-administered questionnaires were completed by 145 Meals-on-Wheels volunteers (49.3% male; mean age 57.8 ± 14.7 years; 76.6% response) from Townsville, Queensland (Latitude 19oS). Serum 25(OH)D was analyzed using two common assays. Mean levels were 68.3 (SD ± 18.7; range 26–142) by DiaSorin Radioimmunoassay and 83.0 (SD ± 30.8; range 30–184) by DiaSorin Liaison® one. No participants were 25(OH)D deficient (<25 nmol L−1). Nine participants (6.2%) had 25(OH)D levels between 25 and 50 nmol L−1 (insufficient), by both methods (seven with a BMI ≥ 25). Twenty-eight participants (19.3%) had one result in the insufficient range and the other in the adequate range. Thus, almost all of these free-living adults in tropical Australia had adequate vitamin D levels at the end of winter. There was poor agreement between the two 25(OH)D assays. These results suggest it is appropriate to continue promoting sun-safe messages to the ambulatory Caucasian adult population of North Queensland, which has an extremely high incidence of skin cancer. The lack of agreement between the two assays is a concern. Few doctors are aware of this measurement issue.
|Item Type:||Article (Refereed Research - C1)|
|FoR Codes:||11 MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES > 1117 Public Health and Health Services > 111716 Preventive Medicine @ 100%|
|SEO Codes:||92 HEALTH > 9204 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) > 920412 Preventive Medicine @ 100%|
|Deposited On:||07 Nov 2011 14:56|
|Last Modified:||18 May 2013 01:36|
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