Nicholls, Philip K., Squires, Richard, and Wallace, Melissa (2008) Pre-renal azotemia. In: Vetstream FELIS. Vetstream, UK, pp. 1-3.
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• Azotemia = increased concentration of non-protein nitrogenous waste products, ie urea and creatinine, in the blood.
• Pre-renal azotemia = azotemia due to inadequate renal perfusion.
• Pre-renal azotemia may be present concurrently with primary renal and post-renal azotemia.
• Cause: decreased renal perfusion, may be caused by dehydration, reduced cardiac output, hemorrhagic shock, etc.
• Signs: dependent on underlying cause but often include vomiting, lethargy, anorexia, diarrhea, etc.
• Diagnosis: elevated serum BUN and creatinine with urine specific gravity >1.035.
• Treatment: treat underlying cause.
• Prognosis: reversible if treated early; longstanding decreased renal perfusion → renal parenchymal damage.
|Item Type:||Book Chapter (Reference)|
This is a Vetstream FELIS peer reviewed journal article that was first published online in November 2008. It is updated quarterly.
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|Deposited On:||27 Sep 2011 12:01|
|Last Modified:||27 Sep 2011 12:01|
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