Design factors and socioeconomic variables associated with ecological responses to fishery closures in the Western Indian Ocean
Daw, Tim M., Cinner, Joshua E., McClanahan, Timothy R., Graham, Nicholas A.J., and Wilson, Shaun K. (2011) Design factors and socioeconomic variables associated with ecological responses to fishery closures in the Western Indian Ocean. Coastal Management, 39 (4). pp. 412-424.
|PDF (Published Version) - Repository staff only - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader|
View at Publisher Website: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08920753.2011....
We assessed the ability of socioeconomic variables (population size, perceived infringement, and community infrastructure) and design features (closure age and area) to predict ecological indicators of "success" in seventeen coral-reef ﬁshery closures in the Western Indian Ocean. Success was measured as absolute ﬁsh biomass and coral cover in closures, and the response ratio of these variables indicating the level of difference relative to control sites outside closures. Fish biomass had a greater and more consistent response to protection than coral cover. Human population density had a strong positive association with the response of ﬁsh biomass, which was driven by lower biomass outside marine protected areas (MPAs) in high human population density sites, rather than higher biomass within MPAs. Perceived infringement was negatively associated with the absolute and response ratio of ﬁsh biomass. Coral cover was variable, weakly related to closure, and positively related to closure size and human population density. This, and previous regional studies, indicate that physical design features have a modest effect on the response of ﬁsh to MPAs, that design features interact with compliance, and that human population density around closures can indirectly inﬂuence the effect of MPAs on ﬁsh populations.
|Item Type:||Article (Refereed Research - C1)|
|Keywords:||coral reefs, fisheries management, marine reserves, social–ecological systems|
|FoR Codes:||16 STUDIES IN HUMAN SOCIETY > 1608 Sociology > 160802 Environmental Sociology @ 40%|
07 AGRICULTURAL AND VETERINARY SCIENCES > 0704 Fisheries Sciences > 070403 Fisheries Management @ 40%
06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0602 Ecology > 060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl Marine Ichthyology) @ 20%
|SEO Codes:||96 ENVIRONMENT > 9605 Ecosystem Assessment and Management > 960506 Ecosystem Assessment and Management of Fresh, Ground and Surface Water Environments @ 50%|
83 ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND ANIMAL PRIMARY PRODUCTS > 8302 Fisheries - Wild Caught > 830299 Fisheries- Wild Caught not elsewhere classified @ 50%
|Deposited On:||21 Jul 2011 15:45|
|Last Modified:||14 May 2013 01:33|
Last 12 Months: 0
|Citation Counts with External Providers:||Web of Science: 3|
Repository Staff Only: item control page