Emerging infectious disease and the loss of biodiversity in a Neotropical amphibian community
Lips, Karen R., Brem, Forrest, Brenes, Roberto, Reeve, John D., Alford, Ross A., Voyles, Jamie, Carey, Cynthia, Livo, Lauren, Pessier, Allan P., and Collins, James P. (2006) Emerging infectious disease and the loss of biodiversity in a Neotropical amphibian community. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 103 (9). pp. 3165-3170.
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Pathogens rarely cause extinctions of host species, and there are few examples of a pathogen changing species richness and diversity of an ecological community by causing local extinctions across a wide range of species. We report the link between the rapid appearance of a pathogenic chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in an amphibian community at El Cope´, Panama, and subsequent mass mortality and loss of amphibian biodiversity across eight families of frogs and salamanders. We describe an outbreak of chytridiomycosis in Panama and argue that this infectious disease has played an important role in amphibian population declines. The high virulence and large number of potential hosts of this emerging infectious disease threaten global amphibian diversity.
|Item Type:||Article (Refereed Research - C1)|
|Keywords:||extinction, fungus, tropics, chytridiomycosis, panama, frog declines, amphibian declines|
|FoR Codes:||05 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES > 0502 Environmental Science and Management > 050202 Conservation and Biodiversity @ 100%|
|SEO Codes:||96 ENVIRONMENT > 9608 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity > 960899 Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity of Environments not elsewhere classified @ 100%|
|Deposited On:||27 Aug 2007|
|Last Modified:||17 May 2013 00:21|
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|Citation Counts with External Providers:||Web of Science: 360|
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