# Optimum regulation of DC sources in cascaded multi-level inverters

Fathi, S.H., Hosseini Aghdam, M.G., Zahedi, A., and Gharehpetian, G.B. (2009) Optimum regulation of DC sources in cascaded multi-level inverters. COMPEL: The International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering, 28 (2). pp. 385-395.

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## Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to introduce a new concept in selecting the values of the DC source voltages in cascaded multi-level inverters in order to improve the output voltage THD.

Design/methodology/approach: In cascaded multi-level inverters, it is usually assumed that the DC sources have the same constant voltage and output harmonics minimization is accomplished by applying proper switching angles. Employing different DC voltages with proper ratios can result in further reduction of the harmonics. After formulation of the system, i.e. describing the inverter's output voltage components in terms of the switching angles and unequal DC source voltages, a rule is applied to obtain the step heights of the staircase output waveform (DC source voltages), so that the output waveform becomes as close to the required fundamental sine wave as possible. Substituting the obtained DC source voltages into the harmonics elimination equations results in a set of equations, which are functions of switching angles only. Solving these equations leads to proper switching angles, which, regardless of the fundamental component's value, provide the specified harmonic conditions. The output voltage is then controlled by DC sources voltage regulation.

Findings: Computer simulations show that employing the proposed concept results in substantial improvement in the harmonic minimization, as well as, extending the operating range of the inverter, compared to the conventional methods with equal DC source voltage multi-level inverters.

Originality/value: The proposed concept according to which the ratio of the DC source voltages are determined, is original.

ID Code: 10734 Article (Refereed Research - C1) harmonics, voltage, optimum control, electric power systems 09 ENGINEERING > 0906 Electrical and Electronic Engineering > 090607 Power and Energy Systems Engineering (excl Renewable Power) @ 100% 85 ENERGY > 8506 Energy Storage, Distribution and Supply > 850603 Energy Systems Analysis @ 100% 28 Apr 2010 10:38 18 Oct 2013 01:01 Total: 1Last 12 Months: 0 More Statistics

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