Geological setting and age of Australopithecus sediba from Southern Africa
Dirks, Paul H.G.M., Kibii, Job M., Kuhn, Brian F., Steininger, Christine, Churchill, Steven E., Kramers, Jan D., Pickering, Robyn, Farber, Daniel L., Mériaux, Anne-Sophie, Herries, Andy I.R., King, Geoffrey C.P., and Berger, Lee R. (2010) Geological setting and age of Australopithecus sediba from Southern Africa. Science, 328 (5975). pp. 205-208.
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We describe the geological, geochronological, geomorphological, and faunal context of the Malapa site and the fossils of Australopithecus sediba. The hominins occur with a macrofauna assemblage that existed in Africa between 2.36 and 1.50 million years ago (Ma). The fossils are encased in water-laid, clastic sediments that were deposited along the lower parts of what is now a deeply eroded cave system, immediately above a flowstone layer with a U-Pb date of 2.026 ± 0.021 Ma. The flowstone has a reversed paleomagnetic signature and the overlying hominin-bearing sediments are of normal polarity, indicating deposition during the 1.95- to 1.78-Ma Olduvai Subchron. The two hominin specimens were buried together in a single debris flow that lithified soon after deposition in a phreatic environment inaccessible to scavengers.
|Item Type:||Article (Refereed Research - C1)|
|FoR Codes:||04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0403 Geology > 040303 Geochronology @ 50%|
04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0403 Geology > 040311 Stratigraphy (incl Biostratigraphy and Sequence Stratigraphy) @ 30%
04 EARTH SCIENCES > 0403 Geology > 040310 Sedimentology @ 20%
|SEO Codes:||97 EXPANDING KNOWLEDGE > 970104 Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences @ 100%|
|Deposited On:||19 Apr 2010 16:00|
|Last Modified:||17 May 2013 01:10|
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|Citation Counts with External Providers:||Web of Science: 33|
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