In vitro generation and characterisation of an influenza B variant with reduced sensitivity to neuraminidase inhibitors
Cheam, Ai Lee, Barr, Ian G., Hampson, Alan W., Mosse, Jennifer, and Hurt, Aeron C. (2004) In vitro generation and characterisation of an influenza B variant with reduced sensitivity to neuraminidase inhibitors. Antiviral Research, 63 (3). pp. 177-181.
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A contemporary influenza type B virus was passaged in vitro in the presence of increasing concentrations of the neuraminidase inhibitors, zanamivir and oseltamivir carboxylate (0.1–1000 μM over nine passages). After the fifth passage in the presence of zanamivir (10 μM), the virus acquired a Glu 119 Asp neuraminidase mutation (influenza A N2 subtype numbering) in the enzyme active site. After a further three passages, in which growth occurred in 100 μM of zanamivir, a Gln 218 Lys mutation (A (H3) numbering) in the HA1 domain of the haemagglutinin was found. In a fluorescence-based neuraminidase inhibition assay, viruses with the Glu 119 Asp NA mutation had a 32,000-fold reduction in sensitivity to the NA inhibitor zanamivir compared to the wild-type virus, while the mutation resulted in a 105-fold reduction in sensitivity to oseltamivir carboxylate. Viruses grown in the presence of 1000 μM oseltamivir carboxylate did not acquire any neuraminidase mutations but did have a His 103 Gln substitution (A (H3) numbering) in the HA1 region of the haemagglutinin which was demonstrated to significantly reduce receptor binding strength in vitro. Tissue culture assays demonstrated that the HA mutation caused a seven-fold reduction in sensitivity to oseltamivir carboxylate, and a 90-fold reduction in sensitivity to zanamivir.
|Item Type:||Article (Refereed Research - C1)|
|FoR Codes:||06 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES > 0605 Microbiology > 060506 Virology @ 100%|
|SEO Codes:||92 HEALTH > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions) > 920109 Infectious Diseases @ 100%|
|Deposited On:||17 Apr 2010 15:46|
|Last Modified:||12 Feb 2011 22:51|
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